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Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial Fibrillation is a serious medical heart condition that may increase the risk of stroke, heart failure and systemic clots that may affect major organs including brain, heart, bowel and others.
It is a condition caused by irregular heart rhythm affecting approximately 350000 Canadians. It usually arises from the left atrium and lead tochaotic and irregular heartbeats that can be felt by the patient. It might be silent or may cause certain symptoms such as palpitations, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
Atrial fibrillation can be discovered during general physical examination when the doctor feels irregular heartbeats thenElectrocardiogram will be ordered to confirm the diagnosis or rule it out.

Symptoms

May occur without any symptoms and only discovered during physical examinations. On the other hand, it may present with certain vague symptoms such as:

Shortness of breath
Lightheadedness
Dizzy spells
Chest pain
Racing heartbeats
Chest discomfort.

Types

Could be transient occurs for a short period of time then reverted back to a normal heart rhythm or persistent or permanent.

Triggering Causes

High blood pressure
Coronary artery disease
Ischemic heart disease
Abnormal heart valves
Congenital heart disease
Heart surgery
Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea
Viral infection and bacterial infection such as pneumonia
Sick sinus syndrome
Thyroid disease such as hyperthyroidism
Overuse of stimulant such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol
Certain medications such as Amphetamine
Use of recreational drugs such as cocaine

Risk factors

Age: Rate increase after the age of 65
High blood pressure
Heart diseases such as heart valve problem, congenital heart disease, heart failure, heart surgeries, heart blokes and some other heart conditions
Obesity and higher body mass index ( BMI )
Overuse of stimulant such as tobacco, certain drugs
Family history of Atrial Fibrillation
Lung diseases such as obstructive pulmonary disease or other conditions that may lead to low systemic oxygen
Some other conditions such as metabolic syndrome, diabetes, chronic kidney failure and thyroid disease.

Complications

Atrial fibrillation may trigger clots inside the heart chamber which may travel to different areas and block the artery of major organ causing serious medical conditions such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, bowl disease and others.

Treatment

If it happens suddenly and causes significant heart symptoms such as chest pain or sudden difficulty breathing the calling 911 is the next appropriate step to bring the patient to the nearest emergency department.
If it discovered during the general medical examination, the physician will order ECG to confirm the diagnosis then initiate heart control medications to slow down the heart rate and sometimes may prescribe anti-Arrhythmic drugs. Those drugs may help to revert the abnormal heart rhythm to sinus normal one again or slow down the rate.
Blood thinner is extremely curial to avoid developing clots in heart chambers and avoid stroke and other serious medical conditions.

WE OFFER FULL ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT FOR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION.
WE CAN ALSO HELP YOU TO AVOID THIS DANGEROUS DISEASE BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE.
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